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How you can create an excellent essay for HBS

The HBS is requested an implicit, improved solution for the question, which might appear tough to translate. Then again, the fact is, the admissions committee is looking to study even more with regards to you contributing to what forces you. Thanks to the strategy suggested under, you might have the ability to generate a strong and full arrangement for HBS

Here are a few ideas for producing awesome essay that you just should certainly take into account

As within the past 12 month period, the actual subject of the essay in the school is: Just after we’ve got reviewed your paperwork, do you wish to add in some thing otherwise which may have an impact on the belief of your candidacy for the MBA program at Harvard Enterprise School? You might consider: “I would personally prefer to know the solution to this question! I don’t have the slightest thought the thing i can create about! “But do not hesitate. If you ever, in accomplishing this process, create an honest “personal-portrait”, rather than assume in what you wish to view the associates from the admissions committee, you might be around the suitable record. Carry inside a couple of individual situations Absolutely yes, this can be an essay for a small business college, but HBS desires to have to understand you greater, and not only to discover what you want to perform or the things you have done. Proceeding out of this, make an effort to start off with a story about your pastimes, and then attach them with that which you plan to dedicate time right after the business school. Often this sort of change shows to be obvious, and often it will not. Having said that, if anything results in you trustworthy passion, then it is going to match perfectly inside your wording, and you will appear sincere. Perfectly, your desire need to last by way of your complete life. It really is not essential to reference what you happen to be only keen on for any few months, or what was deserted ten in the past.

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Usually do not retell your continue

Visualize how uninteresting it will be to read an essay of 1000 terms, which is the term for what has currently been mentioned inside the overview! Certainly, you may mirror inside the arrangement of some components of your own previous. You need to endeavor to write a narrative about how exactly the MBA from HBS will help you accomplish short and long-term profession goals, logically pairing them with your interests, passions and practical experience. Nevertheless, every single episode included within the essay really should show a new part or possess a distinct link for your devices and tasks. So do not replicate how you increased your company’s income by ten mil, obtaining a way along to a brand new market place. Clarify just how much this work has contributed to the development of your professionalism and reliability, as well as how this pertains to what you’d like to do right after instruction Preserve harmony It really is really vital that a essays “explain to” a coherent and persuasive account of you, your accomplishments and possible. Entry commission rates are searching for intriguing, thoroughly developed young people, capable to make their donation towards the improvement from the school each within the class room and offshore. Taking into consideration the content material with the essay, try to remember: the essays must protect not merely your specialist triumphs, but in addition hobbies and cultural things to do.

Keep track on the number of terms One of the most terrible key phrase: “There is no restrict on the sound level.” Some job seekers view them as being a permission to make an essay time period of 2500 terms. However, they just can not compress all of their expertise towards a extra brief wording. Members with the admission committee usually do not genuinely extended to study this sort of extended essay, so the verbosity will only ruin their viewpoint of you. On the in contrast, make an effort to maintain within 1000 ideas. Can be a small even more or perhaps a tiny significantly less. Just use only probably the most very important suggestions and conditions.

Fasten almost everything jointly

If you started producing a story about your child’s appreciate of airplane, as well as your target would be the posting of common director with the air carrier, then you definitely should finish your come back towards the opening paragraph. This will flip your text to a adventure which will assistance subscribers with the admissions committee keep in mind you – who you are, what values you have, and why HBS will be a vital milestone on your trail. Ahead of creating – think Ahead of you take a seat to write a draft, it truly is useful to assess a history of your everyday life and select the results that characterize you within the best attainable way. It’s necessary to take under consideration not simply skilled expertise, but also open public pastime, subscription in groups on passions, as well as a pastime. In the event you approach severe and thoughtful self-assessment, you can be capable of create an essay that should make an effective appearance on the admissions committee and improve your chances of admission.

Blog about authentic achievements To create a fantastic essay, you must collect as quite a few suggestions as possible illustrating your accomplishments and positive qualities, but there can be things about which it is not really worth talking about. Do not forget: you happen to be putting on to get a master’s system, plus the admissions committee is enthusiastic about your current accomplishments. Needless to say, you can find exceptions: one example is, a number of essays you might want to inform the storyline of the lifestyle or refer to what’s most important for you personally. Yet, the common principle is: do not create too a great deal about your successes in college or how you have been taken up – you danger developing immature or predisposed for the previous. Also, avoid those which could trigger an too much mental reaction: for example, nation-wide politics or faith.


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Peyami Safa şöyle der: “Suçlamak anlamaktan daha kolaydır. Anlarsan değişmen gerekir.” Biz buna bir de pes etmeyi ve vazgeçmeyi ekleyelim. Onun için, Kur’an’ın diliyle sabırlı 20 kişi 200 kişiye bedeldir. Çünkü diğerleri anlamayan bir kavimdir. Zor olan mücadele ve mücahadedir. İnsanlar sabretmekle sınanacak ve sabredenler müjdelenecek. Mümin, sabır ve namazla Allah’tan yardım isteyen kişidir. Onun vasfı da, tavsiyesi de sabırdır.

Mümin, Hakkı ve hakikati müdafaada kararlı ve dirençli, sabırda yarışan, sırtını Allah’a yaslamış, zillete boyun eğmemiş insandır. Namaz, gözünün nuru, sadaka burhanı, sabır da aydınlığı olmuştur.

Peygamber karanlıkla mücadele eden insandır. Lut’a, yola gece çıkması emredildi. Kimse arkada kalmamalıydı. Çünkü vaat edilen zaman sabahtı. Sabaha ulaşmak için yolda sebat, zorlukla mücadele ve meşakkate sabır lazımdı. Sabah yakın değil miydi?

Bir gün Habbab Hz. Peygamber’e geldi, kim bilir kaç dağlamadan kalan, sırtındaki yara izlerini gösterdi. “Hala” dedi “dua etmeyecek misin?” Hz. Peygamber sabrı tavsiye etti. Bilal’e, Yasir’e Sümeyye’ye, Ebu Cendel’e ve daha nicesine yaptığı gibi. “Sizden önceki ümmetler içinde öyleleri vardı ki demir taraklarla etleri kemiklerinden ayrılır, yine de dinlerinden dönmezlerdi.”

Açlığı oruç, sevgiyi aşk, dileği dua yapan sabırdır. Acıya sabredilince adına metanet, insana sabredilince adına hoşgörü denilir.

Sabır, kınayanın kınamasından korkmamak, tümseklerden yılmamak, asla umutsuzluğa kapılmamak ve karanlığa boyun eğmemektir. Müminin karakteri, eyleme dönüşen bir iman, yenilgide meydan okuyan bir irade, şaşkınlık ve telaşı yok eden ruhunun bir kuvveti olarak azimdir. Bütün bunlarla sabır da Hak üzere sabitkadem olmaktır.


Gazali sabrı, “İnancın bencil istek ve tutkulara karşı koyması” diye tanımlar. Bu anlamda o, sabrın sadece insana mahsus bir erdem olduğunu belirtmiştir.

Ragıp el-İsfahani ise daha geniş bir tanım yapmıştır: “Acıya katlanma, sıkıntıya göğüs germe, Allah’a tevekkül ederek ondan gelen sıkıntılara katlanma, insanın kendisini aklın ve dinin yapılmasını gerekli gördüğü işleri yapmaya veya yapılmasını yasakladığı davranışlardan uzak durmaya zorlaması, kişinin hayra ulaşma yolunda gösterdiği dirençtir.”

Taberi’ye göre nefsi sevdiği şeylerden alıkoymak, heva ve hevesinden el çektirmektir. Bu manada Ramazan’a da ‘sabır ayı’ denmiştir.

Seyyid Kutup, sabrı, “her türlü sıkıntıya karşı direnebilmek” olarak açıklarken burada kastettiği sıkıntının Hakka gösterilen saygının bir sonucu olarak her türlü makam, mevki, liderlik ve menfaatten vazgeçmek olduğunu belirtir.

Sabır, Hz. Peygamber’in hadisine istinaden Allah’ın kendini tavsif ettiği bir vasıftır. Zira o şöyle buyurmuştur: “İşittiği kötü bir söz karşısında hiç kimse Allah’tan daha sabırlı değildir. Çünkü insanlar ona oğul isnat ederler de o insanlara afiyet ve rızık vermeye devam eder.”

Ayette, sabredenler hesapsız bir mükâfat vaadiyle taltif edilmiştir. Bu anlamda ona benzer bir erdem de bulunmaz.

Hz. Ali şöyle demiştir: “Şeri emirler gereğince amel etmek üzere sabretmek, insan vücudunda başa benzer ki o olmadan ceset tam olmaz.”


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“İbn Sina Aklın Ustası” Adlı Kitabın Önsözüne Eleştiri


Bu yazı “İbn Sina Aklın Ustası” adıyla tercüme edilmiş olan kitaba (Evrensel Basım Yayın, Kasım 2016) A. Çubukçu tarafından yazılan önsözün bir değerlendirmesidir.


Öncelikle genel olarak şunu söylemek gerekiyor yazım hatalarını mevzu bahis etmeden yazıda bakış açısı son derece sığ, verilen bilgiler yer yer yanlış ve ilmi tarafsızlıktan uzak, oldukça önyargı kokan bilgilerdir.


Daha özelde ise yazının baş tarafında sözü edilen ve İslam dünyasında yaratılan her değeri, bilgi ve sanatı geleceğin dünyasının bir bileşeni kılmak yönünde çaba harcadığı söylenen sol gelenekle ne kastedildiği anlaşılmıyor. Burada şayet bir önceki paragrafa atıfla eski sosyalist ülkeler kastediliyorsa sonraki örnekler bunu desteklemiyor.


Yazıda Türkiye’de saltanatın yıkılmasıyla doğu dünyasından kopulduğu söyleniyor. Sayın Çubukçu burada doğunun ve dinin başlıca metinlerinin özellikle cumhuriyet döneminde tercüme edilmeyene başlandığını ya bilmiyor ya da bilmek istemiyor.


İbn Sina’nın bugün hala mümin mi kafir mi diye tartışıldığını söyleniyor ki bu tamamen mazide yaşamaktır. Bugün fikir çevrelerinde böyle bir tartışma yok. Hiçbir yerde bir mütehassısa böyle bir soru sorulduğunu duymazsınız.


İbn Sina’nın zoraki bir sahiplenmeyle “İslam alimi” olarak adlandırıldığı söyleniyor. Sayın Çubukçu İslam alimi ifadesinin kimler için kullanıldığını bilmiyor görünmektedir.


Diyor ki bugün yaşasa bütün İslam ülkelerinden kovulurdu. Açık ki artık yaşamadığı için böyle cesur ve iddialı konuşabiliyor. Sayın Çubukçu galiba İslam ülkelerinde bilim yapan insanların tümünü kafasındaki bir kalıba sığdırmaya çalışıyor.


Yine yazıda İbn Sina’nın İslami düşünceye rağmen büyük bir bilgin olduğunu söylüyor ki şu ifade bile sol geleneğin İslami düşünceye ne kadar yabancı ve önyargılı olduğunun açık bir göstergesidir.


Yazıda İbn Teymiyye’den aktarılan bir söz için verilen kaynak İbn Sina ile yapılan başka bir çalışma ve 3. el bir kaynaktır. Bilimsel kaygı şunu gerektirir ki bu kaynak kesinlikle İbn Teymiyye’nin kendi eseri olmalıydı.


Önsözde İbn Sina üzerine yoğunlaşılması doğal olarak beklenirken yaklaşık bir sayfa bahsedilen İhvan-ı Safa ile İbn Sina’nın bağlantısının nasıl kurulduğunu biz anlayamadık.


Sayın Çubukçu’ya katıldığımız nadir yerlerden biri ise bilim adamlarının bir noktadan sonra artık milliyetlerinin ve dinlerinin önemli olmadığı, onların artık evrensel değerler olarak insanlığa mâlolduklarıdır.




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Kindi, iffeti “bedeni gereği gibi eğitmek ve korumak” diye tanımlar.

Amirî, erdemleri hulkî[1] ve nazari olarak ikiye ayırır ve iffeti hulkî erdemler sınıfına dahil eder.[2]

İbn Miskeveyh iffetin ortaya çıkışını şöyle açıklar: “Hayvani nefs, düşünen nefsin emrine boyun eğer de ondan mutedil fiiller ortaya çıkarsa iffet erdemi ortaya çıkar.”

Ragıp el-Isfehani’nin iffet tanımı şöyledir: “Nefiste yerleşen ve şehvetin insana galebe çalmasını önleyen niteliktir.”

İnsandaki şehvet kuvvetinin itidali olarak ortaya çıkan iffet erdeminin tefriti humud [3]adı verilen şehvet gücünden yoksunluk, ifratı ise fucur[4] kelimesiyle ifade edilen azgınlık ve sapkınlıktır.

İffet (عفة) kelimesi, sözlükte affe (عف) kökünden, uzak durmak, sakınmak, dürüst ve saf olmak gibi anlamlara gelir.

Humudla ilgili olarak denilebilir ki: İffetin ifratı olan fucur kendine ve diğer insanlara zarar verir, bundan dolayı bir rezilettir. Fakat humudun ne zararı olabilir? Buna şu şekilde cevap verilebilir: Erdem insanda öncelikle bir yetkinlik halidir. Bu orta yol her iki yönde aşırılık gösterse bu yetkinlik yok olur. Bu erdem beraberinde haya duygusunu getirir.[5] Fucur, nasıl bir hayasızlık olarak düşünülüyorsa, humud da insanda bir tür hayasızlığa yol açabilir. Zira şehvet gücü yok olan birinin toplumda daha az ahlaki kaygılarla hareket edeceği söylenebilir. Aynı şekilde toplum da ona karşı daha az ahlaki kaygılarla hareket edecektir.


Burada tarihte pek çok devletin saray yaşamında değişik adlarla görülmüş olan harem ağalarının, şehvet gücünden, hadım edilmek suretiyle yoksun bırakılmalarına değinmek gerekir. Hadım edilen insanlarda ciddi anlamda gerek psikolojik gerek başka anlamda fiziki değişimler ve ahlaki dönüşüm ve zaaflar gözlendiğine dair bilgilere kaynaklarda rastlıyoruz.

İslam hukukunun, erdemlerin ifrat ve tefritleri içinde en ağır cezayı fucura (azgınlığa ve sapkınlığa) vermiş olmasından hareketle iffet erdemini toplum için en önemli erdem olduğu şeklinde yorumlayabiliriz.

Özellikle İbn Miskeveyh iffet erdemini şehevi arzulara/tutkulara esir olmaktan kurtulma anlamında bir tür özgürlük olarak değerlendirmiştir.

Hz. Peygamber’in özel olarak hayaya yaptığı vurgudan onun bunu ne kadar önemsediğini tespit edebiliriz. Şu hadisler bunu açıkça gösterir:

“Utanman olmadıktan sonra istediğini yap.”

“Her dinin bir ahlakı vardır. İslam’ın ahlakı da hayadır.”

“Bana iki çenenizin ve iki bacağınızın arasında olandan garanti verin, ben de size Cennet’i garanti edeyim.”

“Haya ile iman iki kardeştir.”

“Haya imandandır.”

[1] Ahlak kelimesinin de kökü olan hulk eylemlerin ortaya çıkmasını sağlayan manevi yaratılış anlamına gelir. Buna mukabil halk ise maddi yaratılışı ifade eden bir kelimedir.

[2] Hulkî erdemler: temizlik, Necdet ve iffet; nazari erdemler: ilim akıl ve hikmettir.

[3] Humud (خمود) sözlükte: düşme, zayıflama, sakin olma, soğuma, ateşin alevi azalma, bayılıp kendini kaybetme, ne helale ne harama iştihası olmama anlamlarına gelir.

[4] Fucur kelimesi Kuran’da kötülük anlamında kullanılan kelimelerden biridir. Bunun zıddı yani iyilik anlamında kullanılan kelime ise takvadır. Şems Suresinin 8. ayetinde: “(nefse) kötülük ve iyilik yapma kabiliyeti verene (andolsun)” denilmektir. İlahi vahyin önce kötülüğü (fucuru) zikretmesinde nefsin tabiatının öncelikle kötülüğe meyyal olduğu sonucu çıkarılabilir. Nitekim hemen devamındaki ayette kurtuluşun nefsin temizlenmesinde olduğunun belirtilmesi, nefsin tabiatının bir erdem üzere olmadığı, ahlaki vasfın sonradan kazanıldığı şeklinde yorumlanabilir. Bunu başka bir ayette Hz. Yusuf’un şu sözü destekler mahiyettedir: “Ben nefsimi temize çıkarmam. Nefs kötülüğü emreder.” (Yusuf Suresi 53)

[5] Haya, İbn Miskeveyh’e göre iffet erdeminin altında yer alan erdemlerdendir. Diğerleri şunlardır: sukunet, sabır, cömertlik, hürriyet, kanaatkarlık, yumuşak huy, düzene koyma, iyi hal, barıştan yana olma, vera, vakar.

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cesaret erdemi


İslam ahlak felsefesinde ele alınan temel erdemlerden biri olan cesaret insanda mutedil hareketlerin ortaya çıkmasına sebep olan kuvvet olarak tanımlanır. Kindi buna necdet der. Tûsî bunu yırtıcı nefsin hareketi dengede olduğu zaman ortaya çıkan hilm erdemi ve buna bağlı olarak yiğitlikle ifade eder. Kınalızade ise cesareti yiğitlik erdeminin bir alt erdemi olarak zikretmiştir.


Bu erdem ameli olarak hakkın ve iyinin savunulması anlamında eylemlerde olabileceği gibi hakikati kabul ve teslimde nazari olarak da bulunabilir. Zira hatayı kabul etmek çoğu zaman cesaret isteyen bir davranıştır. Carl Jung bunu şöyle ifade eder: “ Kendi yüreğine bakabilme cesareti gösterenler gönlünün muradını keşfedenlerdir.” Platon’un mağara benzetmesinden hareketle bunu şu şekilde tespit edebiliriz: “Işığa (ya da hakikate) bakmak cesaret isteyen bir davranıştır.”


Aristo diğer erdemler için de yaptığı gibi cesaret erdemini de iki aşırı uç nokta arasında bir orta yol olarak açıklar. Bu aşırı noktalar düşüncesizce bir atılganlık ve korkaklıktır. Aristo ayrıca medeni cesareti de kişinin kendi fikirlerini tavizsiz ve açıkça savunabilmesi olarak açıklar.


İfratı tehevvür yani zararlı bir atılganlık, tefriti ise korkaklık olan cesaret erdeminin insanlık tarihinde ilk ortaya çıkan erdem olma ihtimali yüksektir. Şöyle ki ilkel toplumlarda ön plana çıkan insan tipi gerek vahşi hayvanlara gerekse hem kendi hem ailesine karşı saldırılara mukavette üstün performans gösteren insanlardır. Bunların diğer insanlar arasında takdir görmeleri bu davranışın bir erdem olarak yüceltilmesine sebep olmuş olabilir.


MacIntyre iyinin ahlaki bir kavram olarak nasıl ortaya çıktığını araştırırken bunun Yunanca agathos kökünden gelmiş olabileceğini, bu kavramın da homerik bir soylunun rolüne uygun bir davranışı ifade etmek için ortaya çıktığını tespit eder. Şiddetin doğal sosyal hayatlarının bir parçası olduğu ilkel toplumlarda korkaklığın hem kendini hem ailesini alçaltmak olarak telakki edilmesi tahmin etmek zor değildir.


Günümüzde de geçerli bir durum olarak bedevi Araplara yapılacak en aşağılayıcı hakaret ona korkak olduğunu söylemektir. Onu en çok mutlu edecek iltifat ise onun çok cesur ve cömert olduğunu söylemek olacaktır.


Hz. Peygamber sadece bir kişi için şu cümleyi kurmuştur: “Eskilerden onu görmek istediğim kadar kimseyi görmek istemedim.” Bu kişi kendisine Arap Herkülü denilen cesaretiyle meşhur şair Antere’dir.


Kuran’ın pek çok ayetinde Müslümanlar için korkaklığın arzu edilen bir durum olmadığının vurgulandığını söyleyebiliriz. Nitekim Hz. Peygamber’in savaşta kahramanca dövüşüp öldürülen birinin arkasından onun bunu kendisine “çok cesur biri” denilmesini istediği için yaptığını söylemesi ve bunu tasvip etmemesi yapılan davranış her ne kadar bir erdem gibi görünse de bunda amacın (niyetin) ne kadar önemli olduğunu bize göstermektedir.


Hz. Peygamber’in ashabı pek çok defa onun cesaretini ve kahramanlığını dile getirmişlerdir. Bunlardan biri Huneyn savaşında bir ok yağmurunda ashabın kaçmaya başladığı bir esnada Peygamberimizin katırını ileri sürerek kaçanları belki utançla geri dönmeye mecbur bırakmış olduğudur. Başka bir olayda ise Medine’ye düşman saldırısı haberi üzerine herkesten önce çıkmış atının çıplak sırtında civarı kolaçan edip gelmiş ve düşman olmadığını ashabına haber vermiştir.